Meet the friendly inhabitants of the island
Although fueguina fauna is rich and varied, Relatively few species of native land mammals: guanacos, red foxes, tucu-tucus, rats, mice and bats. On the other hand, there are almost 200 species of birds and abundant marine fauna in the region.
several animals that were introduced on the island in the past add to them, when he still had no awareness of the problems that could result in the natural balance of the ecosystem, some of them are the rabbit, the Beaver, patagónico fox and muskrat.
In the steppe can be heard loud cries of alarm that usually issue the curious fueguino red fox easy to distinguish her long red coat and remarkably in the womb, the legs and head; gray on the back and black on the tail end.
On the other hand, and talking about “foreign visitors”, in the year 1946 in order to promote the fur industry, It was introduced Canadian beaver. It is a large aquatic rodent, double coat, with bare tail, scaly and flattened, paddle-shaped or shovel. Can measure 1,20 m. Their legs are short and their hind feet have well developed membranes. Prefers to inhabit turbales, then the gaps and finally watercourses. It is noteworthy that can stay underwater without breathing for periods of up to 15 minutes. Her nails are sharp, uses them to dig, hauling branches, stones and mud. Build large dams (castoreras) using as shelter and to store your food, causing serious consequences in the environment.
also introduced the muskrat which it is a semi-aquatic rodent, very good swimmer and diver. His coat is short, soft and dense, bright dark brown, scaly tail naked. It is a species of marsh with aquatic vegetation, but also he lives on the banks of lakes and rivers and to a lesser extent seacoasts. Depending on the environment, They build their burrows with vegetation growing near the mirror or watercourse, or the dig if it does not exist.
On the other hand, the Beagle channel is filled with molluscs (snails, barnacles and bivalves), Fish and crustaceans (krill, king crab and king crab) while in the open sea different species of whales live, dolphins, orcas, porpoises and dolphins.
The sea lion hair It is a permanent resident of Tierra del Fuego and is distinguished from other seals for its snub nose something, short and wide and possessing pinna. The male is larger than the female and has an abundant mane. The legs are shaped fins. The color of its coat varies markedly depending on the age and sex. The babies, born in October, They have a bright black coat until the first month of life that becomes brownish black.
The dark fur seal, or lobe until, It is smaller than the common wolf, the capillary cover is formed by a smooth outer coat and a fine and delicate undercoat beneath that. The value of their fur has become the subject of intense hunting. Currently this activity is prohibited and has managed to balance the population.
These and many other species can be spotted on tours and excursions around this magnificent area, ideal for those nature lovers.